Retrieved from ” https: The Feminine Mystique is widely regarded as one of the most influential nonfiction books of the 20th century, and is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States. Social Women’s history Feminist history Timeline of women’s rights other than voting. Friedan notes that the uncertainties and fears during World War II and the Cold War made Americans long for the comfort of home, so they tried to create an idealized home life with the father as breadwinner and the mother as housewife. The Fourth Dimension , but instead only wrote an article by that name, which appeared in the Ladies’ Home Journal in June NOW demanded the removal of all barriers to “equal and economic advance”.
Although aware of and sharing this dissatisfaction, women in the s misinterpreted it as an individual problem and rarely talked about it with other women. Friedan discusses the fact that many children have lost interest in life or emotional growth, attributing the change to the mother’s own lack of fulfillment, a side effect of the feminine mystique. She postulates that these women unconsciously stretch their home duties to fill the time available, because the feminine mystique has taught women that this is their role, and if they ever complete their tasks they will become unneeded. Women Girls Mothers Femininity. NOW demanded the removal of all barriers to “equal and economic advance”. Mass Media and the Shaping of American Feminism, Print Hardcover and Paperback.
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The Feminine Mystique – Wikipedia
She also advocates a new life plan for her women readers, including not viewing housework as a career, not trying to find total fulfillment through marriage and motherhood alone, and finding meaningful work that uses their full mental capacity. Politicians began to recognize the frustrations of women due in part to Betty Friedan.
Friedan recalls her own decision to conform to society’s expectations by giving up her promising career in psychology to raise children, and shows that other young women still struggled with the same kind of decision.
She discusses the conflicts that some women may face in this journey to self-actualization, including their own fears and resistance from others. She argues, “In a sense that goes beyond any woman’s life, I think this is a crisis of women growing up—a turning point from an immaturity that has been called femininity to full human identity.
Friedan should save her pity for those who really need it—the half starved, oppressed people in the world.
Also inThe Feminine Mystique was discussed in Makers: She notes that Freud saw women as childlike and as destined to be housewives, once pointing out that Freud wrote, “I believe that all reforming action in law and education would break down in bettt of the fact that, long before the age at which a man can earn a position in society, Nature has determined woman’s destiny through beauty, charm, and sweetness.
Also into celebrate its centennial the U. Friedan says that this change in education arrested girls in their emotional development at a young age, because they never had to face the painful identity crisis and subsequent maturation that comes from dealing with many adult challenges.
An Interview with Stephanie Coontz”.
Friedan ends her book by promoting education and meaningful work as the ultimate method by which American women can avoid becoming trapped in the feminine mystique, calling for a drastic rethinking of what it means to be feminine, and offering several educational and occupational suggestions.
For each conflict, Friedan offers examples of women who have overcome it.
Significant numbers of women responded angrily to the book, which they felt implied that wives and mothers could never be fulfilled. Why Freud Was Wrong: The Feminine Mystique begins with an introduction describing what Friedan called “the problem that has no name”—the widespread unhappiness of women in the s and early s.
This page was last edited on 20 Mayat Friedan shows that advertisers tried to encourage housewives to think of themselves as professionals who needed many specialized products in order to do their jobs, while discouraging housewives from having actual careers, since that would mean they would not spend as much time and effort on housework and therefore would not buy as many household products, cutting into advertisers’ profits. When the mother lacks a self, Friedan notes, she often tries to live through her children, causing the children to lose their own sense of themselves as separate human beings with their own lives.
In the commission appointed to review the status of women recommended an end to inequities. Friedan discusses the fact that many children have lost interest in life or emotional growth, attributing the change to the mother’s own lack of fulfillment, a side effect of the feminine mystique.
Why Was The Feminine Mystique Such a Phenomenon?: A Clarification – CaltechTHESIS
The Tesis York Times. She originally intended to publish an article on the topic, not a book, but no magazine would publish her article.
Friedan discusses the change in women’s education from the s to the early s, in which many women’s schools concentrated on non-challenging classes that focused mostly on marriage, family, and other subjects deemed suitable for women, as educators influenced by functionalism felt that too much education would spoil women’s femininity and capacity for sexual fulfillment.
In addition, Friedan has been criticized for focusing solely on the plight of middle-class white women, and not giving enough attention to the differing situations encountered by women in less stable economic situations, or women of other races. In addition to its obvious contribution to feminism, The Feminine Mystique related to many other coinciding movements. Social Women’s history Feminist history Timeline of women’s rights other than voting. Norton publishing house, where Betty Friedan’s work was initially circulated to be published as a book also generated some criticism.
Friedan also states that this is in contrast to the s, at which time women’s magazines often featured confident and independent heroines, many of whom were involved in careers. She notes that they secured important rights for women, including education, the right to pursue a career, and the right to thesiz.
Why Was The Feminine Mystique Such a Phenomenon?: A Clarification
Friedan points out that the average age of marriage was dropping, the portion of women attending college was decreasing and the birthrate was increasing for women throughout the s, yet the widespread trend of thfsis women persisted, although American culture insisted that fulfillment for women could be found in marriage and housewifery.
Friedan discusses early American mysitque and how they fought against the assumption that the proper role of a woman was to be solely a wife and mother.
The Making and Meaning of Feminist Knowledge. The Equal Pay Act of stipulated that women receive the same pay as men for the same work.